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Definition

A form of spastic paraplegia, a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a slow, gradual, progressive weakness and spasticity of the lower limbs. Rate of progression and the severity of symptoms are quite variable. Initial symptoms may include difficulty with balance, weakness and stiffness in the legs, muscle spasms, and dragging the toes when walking. In some forms of the disorder, bladder symptoms (such as incontinence) may appear, or the weakness and stiffness may spread to other parts of the body. Some SPG30 patients have a pure form of the disorder, limited to spastic paraplegia, whereas others may have a complicated form that includes additional features such as cognitive dysfunction, learning disabilities, peripheral sensorimotor neuropathy, urinary sphincter problems, and/or cerebellar atrophy. SPG30 is characterized by onset in the first or second decades of unsteady spastic gait and hyperreflexia of the lower limbs. Inheritance can be autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive.

Acronym

SPG30

Keywords

Hereditary spastic paraplegia

 
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