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Overview

StatusReference proteome
Proteinsi <p>Number of protein entries associated with this proteome: UniProtKB entries for regular proteomes or UniParc entries for redundant proteomes (<a href="/help/proteome%5Fredundancy">more...</a>)</p> 77,027
Gene counti <p>This is the total number of unique genes found in the proteome set, algorithmically computed. For each gene, a single representative protein sequence is chosen from the proteome. Where possible, reviewed (Swiss-Prot) protein sequences are chosen as the representatives.</p> - Download one protein sequence per gene (FASTA)
Proteome IDi <p>The proteome identifier (UPID) is the unique identifier assigned to the set of proteins that constitute the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a>. It consists of the characters 'UP' followed by 9 digits, is stable across releases and can therefore be used to cite a UniProt proteome.<p><a href='/help/proteome_id' target='_top'>More...</a></p>UP000005640
Taxonomy9606 - Homo sapiens
Last modifiedJanuary 29, 2021
Genome assembly and annotationi <p>Identifier for the genome assembly (<a href="https://www.ensembl.org/Help/Faq?id=216">more...</a>)</p> GCA_000001405.27 from Ensembl full
Buscoi <p>The Benchmarking Universal Single-Copy Ortholog (BUSCO) assessment tool is used, for eukaryotic and bacterial proteomes, to provide quantitative measures of UniProt proteome data completeness in terms of expected gene content. BUSCO scores include percentages of complete (C) single-copy (S) genes, complete (C) duplicated (D) genes, fragmented (F) and missing (F) genes, as well as the total number of orthologous clusters (n) used in the BUSCO assessment.</p> C:99.5%[S:39.2%,D:60.3%],F:0%,M:0.4%,n:13780 primates_odb10
Completenessi <p>Complete Proteome Detector (CPD) is an algorithm which employs statistical evaluation of the completeness and quality of proteomes in UniProt, by looking at the sizes of taxonomically close proteomes. Possible values are 'Standard', 'Close to Standard' and 'Outlier'.</p> Outlier (high)

Homo sapiens (Homo sapiens sapiens) or modern humans are the only living species of the evolutionary branch of great apes known as hominids. Divergence of early humans from chimpanzees and gorillas is estimated to have occurred between 4 and 8 million years ago. The genus Homo (Homo habilis) appeared in Africa around 2.3 million years ago and shows the first signs of stone tool usage. The exact lineage of Homo species ie: H. habilis/H. ergaster to H. erectus to H. rhodesiensis/H.heidelbergensis to H. sapiens is still hotly disputed. However, continuing evolution and in particular larger brain size and complexity culminates in Homo sapiens. The first anatomically modern humans appear in the fossil record around 200,000 years ago. Modern humans migrated across the globe essentially as hunter-gatherers until around 12,000 years ago when the practice of agriculture and animal domestication enabled large populations to grow leading to the development of civilizations.

Componentsi <p>Genomic components encoding the proteome</p>

Component nameGenome Accession(s)
Component representationProteins
Chromosome 16250
Chromosome 24970
Chromosome 34474
Chromosome 42868
Chromosome 53212
Chromosome 63881
Chromosome 73472
Chromosome 82884
Chromosome 92325
Chromosome 102465
Chromosome 114955
Chromosome 124546
Chromosome 13957
Chromosome 142962
Chromosome 152665
Chromosome 163992
Chromosome 175249
Chromosome 181289
Chromosome 196169
Chromosome 201653
Chromosome 21672
Chromosome 221688
Chromosome X2291
Chromosome Y86
Mitochondrion14
Unplaced
1047

Publications

  1. "The DNA sequence of human chromosome 22."
    Dunham I., Hunt A.R., Collins J.E., Bruskiewich R., Beare D.M., Clamp M., Smink L.J., Ainscough R., Almeida J.P., Babbage A.K., Bagguley C., Bailey J., Barlow K.F., Bates K.N., Beasley O.P., Bird C.P., Blakey S.E., Bridgeman A.M.
    Wright H.
    Nature 402:489-495(1999) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  2. "The DNA sequence of human chromosome 21."
    Hattori M., Fujiyama A., Taylor T.D., Watanabe H., Yada T., Park H.-S., Toyoda A., Ishii K., Totoki Y., Choi D.-K., Groner Y., Soeda E., Ohki M., Takagi T., Sakaki Y., Taudien S., Blechschmidt K., Polley A.
    Yaspo M.-L.
    Nature 405:311-319(2000) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  3. "The DNA sequence and comparative analysis of human chromosome 20."
    Deloukas P., Matthews L.H., Ashurst J.L., Burton J., Gilbert J.G.R., Jones M., Stavrides G., Almeida J.P., Babbage A.K., Bagguley C.L., Bailey J., Barlow K.F., Bates K.N., Beard L.M., Beare D.M., Beasley O.P., Bird C.P., Blakey S.E.
    Rogers J.
    Nature 414:865-871(2001) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  4. "The DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 14."
    Heilig R., Eckenberg R., Petit J.-L., Fonknechten N., Da Silva C., Cattolico L., Levy M., Barbe V., De Berardinis V., Ureta-Vidal A., Pelletier E., Vico V., Anthouard V., Rowen L., Madan A., Qin S., Sun H., Du H.
    Weissenbach J.
    Nature 421:601-607(2003) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  5. "The DNA sequence of human chromosome 7."
    Hillier L.W., Fulton R.S., Fulton L.A., Graves T.A., Pepin K.H., Wagner-McPherson C., Layman D., Maas J., Jaeger S., Walker R., Wylie K., Sekhon M., Becker M.C., O'Laughlin M.D., Schaller M.E., Fewell G.A., Delehaunty K.D., Miner T.L.
    Wilson R.K.
    Nature 424:157-164(2003) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  6. "The DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 6."
    Mungall A.J., Palmer S.A., Sims S.K., Edwards C.A., Ashurst J.L., Wilming L., Jones M.C., Horton R., Hunt S.E., Scott C.E., Gilbert J.G.R., Clamp M.E., Bethel G., Milne S., Ainscough R., Almeida J.P., Ambrose K.D., Andrews T.D.
    Beck S.
    Nature 425:805-811(2003) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  7. "The DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 13."
    Dunham A., Matthews L.H., Burton J., Ashurst J.L., Howe K.L., Ashcroft K.J., Beare D.M., Burford D.C., Hunt S.E., Griffiths-Jones S., Jones M.C., Keenan S.J., Oliver K., Scott C.E., Ainscough R., Almeida J.P., Ambrose K.D., Andrews D.T.
    Ross M.T.
    Nature 428:522-528(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  8. "The DNA sequence and biology of human chromosome 19."
    Grimwood J., Gordon L.A., Olsen A.S., Terry A., Schmutz J., Lamerdin J.E., Hellsten U., Goodstein D., Couronne O., Tran-Gyamfi M., Aerts A., Altherr M., Ashworth L., Bajorek E., Black S., Branscomb E., Caenepeel S., Carrano A.V.
    Lucas S.M.
    Nature 428:529-535(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  9. "DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 9."
    Humphray S.J., Oliver K., Hunt A.R., Plumb R.W., Loveland J.E., Howe K.L., Andrews T.D., Searle S., Hunt S.E., Scott C.E., Jones M.C., Ainscough R., Almeida J.P., Ambrose K.D., Ashwell R.I.S., Babbage A.K., Babbage S., Bagguley C.L.
    Dunham I.
    Nature 429:369-374(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  10. "The DNA sequence and comparative analysis of human chromosome 10."
    Deloukas P., Earthrowl M.E., Grafham D.V., Rubenfield M., French L., Steward C.A., Sims S.K., Jones M.C., Searle S., Scott C., Howe K., Hunt S.E., Andrews T.D., Gilbert J.G.R., Swarbreck D., Ashurst J.L., Taylor A., Battles J.
    Rogers J.
    Nature 429:375-381(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  11. "The DNA sequence and comparative analysis of human chromosome 5."
    Schmutz J., Martin J., Terry A., Couronne O., Grimwood J., Lowry S., Gordon L.A., Scott D., Xie G., Huang W., Hellsten U., Tran-Gyamfi M., She X., Prabhakar S., Aerts A., Altherr M., Bajorek E., Black S.
    Rubin E.M.
    Nature 431:268-274(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  12. "The sequence and analysis of duplication-rich human chromosome 16."
    Martin J., Han C., Gordon L.A., Terry A., Prabhakar S., She X., Xie G., Hellsten U., Chan Y.M., Altherr M., Couronne O., Aerts A., Bajorek E., Black S., Blumer H., Branscomb E., Brown N.C., Bruno W.J.
    Pennacchio L.A.
    Nature 432:988-994(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  13. "The DNA sequence of the human X chromosome."
    Ross M.T., Grafham D.V., Coffey A.J., Scherer S., McLay K., Muzny D., Platzer M., Howell G.R., Burrows C., Bird C.P., Frankish A., Lovell F.L., Howe K.L., Ashurst J.L., Fulton R.S., Sudbrak R., Wen G., Jones M.C.
    Bentley D.R.
    Nature 434:325-337(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  14. "Generation and annotation of the DNA sequences of human chromosomes 2 and 4."
    Hillier L.W., Graves T.A., Fulton R.S., Fulton L.A., Pepin K.H., Minx P., Wagner-McPherson C., Layman D., Wylie K., Sekhon M., Becker M.C., Fewell G.A., Delehaunty K.D., Miner T.L., Nash W.E., Kremitzki C., Oddy L., Du H.
    Wilson R.K.
    Nature 434:724-731(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  15. "DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 8."
    Nusbaum C., Mikkelsen T.S., Zody M.C., Asakawa S., Taudien S., Garber M., Kodira C.D., Schueler M.G., Shimizu A., Whittaker C.A., Chang J.L., Cuomo C.A., Dewar K., FitzGerald M.G., Yang X., Allen N.R., Anderson S., Asakawa T.
    Lander E.S.
    Nature 439:331-335(2006) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  16. "DNA sequence of human chromosome 17 and analysis of rearrangement in the human lineage."
    Zody M.C., Garber M., Adams D.J., Sharpe T., Harrow J., Lupski J.R., Nicholson C., Searle S.M., Wilming L., Young S.K., Abouelleil A., Allen N.R., Bi W., Bloom T., Borowsky M.L., Bugalter B.E., Butler J., Chang J.L.
    Nusbaum C.
    Nature 440:1045-1049(2006) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  17. "The DNA sequence, annotation and analysis of human chromosome 3."
    Muzny D.M., Scherer S.E., Kaul R., Wang J., Yu J., Sudbrak R., Buhay C.J., Chen R., Cree A., Ding Y., Dugan-Rocha S., Gill R., Gunaratne P., Harris R.A., Hawes A.C., Hernandez J., Hodgson A.V., Hume J.
    Gibbs R.A.
    Nature 440:1194-1198(2006) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  18. "The finished DNA sequence of human chromosome 12."
    Baylor College of Medicine Human Genome Sequencing Center Sequence Production Team
    Scherer S.E., Muzny D.M., Buhay C.J., Chen R., Cree A., Ding Y., Dugan-Rocha S., Gill R., Gunaratne P., Harris R.A., Hawes A.C., Hernandez J., Hodgson A.V., Hume J., Jackson A., Khan Z.M., Kovar-Smith C., Lewis L.R.
    null.
    Nature 440:346-351(2006) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  19. "Analysis of the DNA sequence and duplication history of human chromosome 15."
    Zody M.C., Garber M., Sharpe T., Young S.K., Rowen L., O'Neill K., Whittaker C.A., Kamal M., Chang J.L., Cuomo C.A., Dewar K., FitzGerald M.G., Kodira C.D., Madan A., Qin S., Yang X., Abbasi N., Abouelleil A.
    Nusbaum C.
    Nature 440:671-675(2006) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  20. "The DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1."
    Gregory S.G., Barlow K.F., McLay K.E., Kaul R., Swarbreck D., Dunham A., Scott C.E., Howe K.L., Woodfine K., Spencer C.C., Jones M.C., Gillson C., Searle S., Zhou Y., Kokocinski F., McDonald L., Evans R., Phillips K.
    Prigmore E.
    Nature 441:315-321(2006) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
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